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Neuroethics is a subdivision of bioethics that specifically addresses emerging ethical issues surrounding developments in neuroscience and neurotechnology, as well as reflections in the philosophy of mind. Ethical issues specific to neuroethics include among others neuroimaging, brain implants and brain-computer interfaces, cognitive and moral enhancement, and memory alteration. The role cognition plays in our understanding of human personhood is also explored within the realm of neuroethics.


  • Michael Sleasman, “Bioethics Past, Present, and Future: Important Signposts in Human Dignity” (An overview of bioethics and the breadth of issues it encompasses).
  • Susan Rouse, “Cognitive Enhancement in Education: The State of the Issue and A Literature Review.”
  • William Cheshire, Jr., “Grey Matters: Just Enhancement.”
  • Scott Rae, “How Much Brain Do I Need To Be Human?”
  • William Cheshire, Jr., “Grey Matters: Till We Have Minds.”
  • E. David Cook, “Neuroscience in Perspective: An Introduction to Ethical Considerations.”
  • William Cheshire, Jr., “Grey Matters: Neuroscience, Nuance, AND Neuroethics.”


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